Record Details

WRRCTR No.124 Ecological Response to Relaxation of Sewage Stress off Sand Island, O'ahu, Hawai'i

ScholarSpace at University of Hawaii at Manoa

Field Value
Title WRRCTR No.124 Ecological Response to Relaxation of Sewage Stress off Sand Island, O'ahu, Hawai'i
Creator Dollar, Steven J
Subject benthos reefs coral ecology sewage effluents Hawaii Sand Island STP Outfall benthic communities species diversity recolonization Shannon-Wiener diversity index macroinvertebrate Coral reef ecology -- Hawaii -- Oahu. Marine pollution -- Environmental aspects -- Hawaii -- Oahu. Ocean outfalls -- Environmental aspects -- Hawaii -- Oahu. Sand Island (Oahu, Hawaii) Sewage disposal in the ocean -- Hawaii -- Oahu.
Description The largest domestic sewage outfall in Hawai'i discharged 3 m^3/s (62 mgd) of raw sewage in 10 m of water approximately 1 000 m off Sand Island, O'ahu, from 1955 to 1977. Results of an ecological field study of epibenthic communities in proximity to Sand Island conducted in 1975 and 1979 show clear patterns of community change associated with both sewage impact and relaxation of this stress; negative community effects attributable to sewage input decreased, and degree of recovery of community...
Date 1979-07
Type Report
Identifier Dollar SJ. 1979. Ecological response to relaxation of sewage stress off Sand Island, Oahu, Hawaii. Honolulu (HI): Water Resources Research Center, University of Hawaii at Manoa. WRRC technical report, 124. http://hdl.handle.net/10125/1925
Language en-US
Relation WRRC Technical Report 124
Publisher Water Resources Research Center, University of Hawaii at Manoa

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